Create a HTTP Request in JS

Today, I'll explain how to send HTTP request from your browser. You can achieve that by using builtin JavaScript (XML HTTP Request, or "XHR") or jQuery (1.4, 1.5+).

Today, I want to share how to send HTTP request from browser using builtin JavaScript and jQuery.

XML HTTP Request (XHR)

var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();'GET', 'http://localhost:8080/users/');
xhr.onreadystatechange = function() {
  var users = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText);
  if (xhr.readyState === XMLHttpRequest.DONE && xhr.status === 200) {
    for (var i = 0; i < users.length; ++i) {
  } else {
    console.error('There was a problem with the request. ' + users);

The XMLHttpRequest.onreadystatechange property contains the event handler to be called when the readystatechange event is fired, that is every time the readyState property of the XMLHttpRequest changes.

XMLHttpRequest.onreadystatechange = /* callback */;

Property onreadystatechange is supported in all browsers. Since then, a number of additional event handlers have been implemented in various browsers (onload, onerror, onprogress, etc.).

Ready State Num Description
UNSENT 0 XHR constructed.
OPENED 1 Method open() successfully invoked.
HEADERS_RECEIVED 2 Redirection finished, all headers received.
LOADING 3 The response’s body is being received.
DONE 4 The data transfer has been completed, or error.

jQuery 1.4

Load data from the server using a HTTP GET request.

  url: url,
  data: data,
  success: success,
  dataType: dataType

with the following type table:

Key Value
url String
data PlainObject or String
success Function( PlainObject data, String textStatus, jqXHR jqXHR )
dataType String

For example:

  url: 'http://localhost:8080/users',
  type: 'GET',
  data: data,
  success: function(users) {
    for (var i = 0; i < users.length; ++i) {
  error: function(xhr) {
    var resp = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText);

jQuery 1.5+

As of jQuery 1.5, all of jQuery’s Ajax methods return a superset of the XMLHTTPRequest object. This jQuery XHR object, or “jqXHR”, returned by $.get() implements the Promise interface, giving it all the properties, methods, and behavior of a Promise.


The Promise object represents the eventual completion (or failure) of an asynchronous operation, and its resulting value.

// Assign handlers immediately after making the request,
// and remember the jqxhr object for this request
var jqxhr = $.get( "example.php", function() {
  alert( "success" );
  .done(function() {
    alert( "second success" );
  .fail(function() {
    alert( "error" );
  .always(function() {
    alert( "finished" );
// Perform other work here ...
// Set another completion function for the request above
jqxhr.always(function() {
  alert( "second finished" );